Getting Past the Glass Floor
When the structures put in place through Stages 2–4 are functioning, we are in a position to implement social processes that challenge shadow power and invite trust, safety, and depth in the interpersonal relations among people energising an organisation’s roles.
Without a structural foundation, any social processes we try to adopt will be rendered ineffective by our natural human aversion to challenging unaccountable, shadow power. With the protection afforded by a clear structure, we can start to engage with the delicate, complex, and volatile issues which arise from the matrix of informal power relationships.
Who holds informal or “shadow” power, and why? Sometimes, someone has power and influence because they founded the organisation or created its product. Sometimes, they are more intelligent, more eloquent, or better at arguing. Perhaps they have an advanced degree or higher social status or rank, or perhaps their race, gender, age, or other identity gives them a power advantage. Sometimes, someone holds informal power in an organisation because they’re part of the ‘inner circle’, closer in relationships with power holders.
These are the conditions for assumptions, misunderstandings, and hurt feelings. Add in unconscious bias, structural inequities in the culture at large, biased group norms, personal histories, and blind spots, and you get amplified and sometimes cascading emotional reactions to perceptions of injustice. The interpersonal tensions that inevitably arise can be difficult to address, and are often shoved aside in order to focus on the “real” work of organisational roles. For this reason, some people say, “my team is doing great—except for the people.”
Isn’t this why we adopted Tribe Space Apps and social processes in Stage 3? To address the depth and complexity of the interpersonal tensions that shadow power can evoke, we need something different. This is the ‘glass floor’—though we think our Tribe Space Apps should get us there, something invisible stands in the way of our going deeper.
A New Distinction: From Passive to Proactive Engagement with Social Processes
I suggest that the distinction at this stage is between:
- A passive approach to social processes, where we simply have social processes in place and expect people to use them on their own initiative, and
- A proactive approach to social processes, where we require people to intentionally engage with each other in ways which are specifically designed to foster psychological safety and interpersonal trust.
Here’s another way of thinking about this distinction—in the organisation context, there’s a need for a Self-Organisation practice like Holacracy to shift how work is done. There’s naturally a corresponding need for social processes, or a ‘People Practice’, in the Tribe Space to support a shift in how we relate interpersonally.
I would suggest that at this stage, even when Tribe Space is cultivated, as in Stage 2, and when the structural conditions for psychological safety are in place, as in stage 4, a passive approach taken with Tribe Space Apps is inadequate. Just as it’s easier to shift towards self-organisation in the organisation context by adopting a complete practice like Holacracy than to do so with a made-up practice, it’s easier to make the corresponding shifts in the Tribe Space by adopting a social process that is a complete practice or methodology than to curate your own set of practices.
A New Story: We’re Building a Ground of Health
In 30 years of working in organisations and 25+ years of working with self-organisation, I consider the Matrix Leadership framework to be the best set of practices for people stuff (and I have come across a lot of practices!) that I have found.
Matrix Leadership’s set of 8 interpersonal and whole-system practices demonstrably foster psychological safety and interpersonal trust—both critical qualities of high-performing groups according to well-known research out of MIT and Google’s Aristotle project. Matrix Leadership’s practices support people in developing the capacity to focus their attention at three different levels:
- On the individuals, including oneself. How am I? Who do I become in this group? How, and why?
- on 1-1 interpersonal relationships, which together make up the matrix in the image below, and
- on the group as a ‘whole’, a living system with emergent properties.
These practices build a “ground of health” in the matrix of interpersonal relationships, support giving and receiving feedback, enable ways of working with differences between people, and transform these differences from potential sources of division into gateways to liberate collective intelligence and creative leadership capacity. It’s not a quick fix—while the method takes a considerable investment of time, patience, and personal engagement, it achieves the kind of depth we struggled to achieve earlier when our Tribe Space Apps proved insufficient to take us beneath the “glass floor”.
In January 2019, in my search for worthy interpersonal and personal practices, I attended a Matrix Leadership workshop in Boulder, Colorado. It had a profound effect on me, taking me on an eventful personal journey over four days. Cognitively, I loved the framework. The set of practices felt great, and some were comfortable. Some of the practices were deeply uncomfortable, and I got frustrated and impatient at times. There was so much sitting around and talking, so many Matrix circles, so much time spent being overly ‘nice’ to each other, or from my perspective tip-toeing around the edges of difficulty. Eventually, through the processes and facilitator Amina’s artful guidance, I saw that my discomfort, frustration, and impatience were all rooted in my own personal psychology and history. I ended up feeling deeply connected with, loving of, open to, and interested in everyone in the group. That’s highly unusual for me. It was a profoundly humbling and expansive experience and by the end I was high as a kite! (And no, I hadn’t partaken of Boulder’s other famous delicacies!)
There are, of course, other social processes which, like the Matrix Leadership Framework, offer a more complete set of practices. These include Authentic Relating & Circling, Systems Centred Training, and practices from Deliberately Developmental Organisations. I hear that Energized.org’s application of Systems Centred Training in their own organisation and consulting has been successful.
A complete and powerful methodology for social processes such as the Matrix Leadership Framework can create psychological safety and interpersonal trust in self-organisation only after the previous four stages’ growth is in place. In fact, my view is that a systematic approach like the one offered by Matrix is considerably more likely to succeed than ad-hoc, custom collections of Tribe Space Apps.
A New Obstacle: Confusion of Personal, Interpersonal & Organisational Tensions
The use of such methodologies surfaces lots of tensions which haven’t yet been able to be addressed out in the open. These include different types of tensions, such as:
- personal tensions: like my own relationship to the organisational purpose, or issues I have with feeling like the people/org relationship is not fully balanced or equitable
- interpersonal tensions: in relationships between people
- operational tensions: from my roles, often with other roles about what needs to happen to get the work done
- governance tensions: where expectations are off and need to be clarified so that things can be clearer and work better
The obstacle at this stage is that people are often not very good at differentiating between these different types of tensions, or noticing that a tension often has multiple aspects to it in all four of the above contexts.
An additional obstacle is that if there are not clear pathways for processing these different types/aspects of tensions, then they could get stuck.
Plus the people/org relationship may be uneven, so that people feel like they don’t have an equal voice as a partner in negotiating the issues in the people/org relationship. My experience in organisations where People/Org Relations roles and processes are entirely in service to the organisation’s purpose and governance has felt comparable to what I imagine of a relationship with a narcissist: a relationship where the needs of one partner in the relationship are entirely preferenced, with the needs of the other partner ignored and/or violated. Imbalanced and unfair, this “partnership” didn’t feel much like a partnership at all. I would have felt safer and better able to engage fully in my work if the organisation had some means of integrating these two different sets of needs:
- the needs of the organisation with its own purpose, preferences and priorities, and
- the needs of the people who energise its roles
Can we eliminate the structural imbalance that favours an organisation’s purpose, priorities, and needs over the needs of the people energising its roles? This is the work ahead.
What’s Missing? Personal & Organisational Capacities to Differentiate between Different Types of Tensions
These obstacles indicate three things which are missing and necessary to move to the next stage of the journey:
- the personal capacity to differentiate between different tensions and different aspects of the same tension
- the organisational capacity of providing clear and distinct pathways for processing different aspects of these tensions
Overcoming these two obstacles means that any lack of balance in the people/org relationship will be able to be re-balanced; by giving people an equal voice as a partner in negotiating the issues in the people/org relationship.
An Opportunity with Matrix Leadership
UK Workshop, London April 2nd-5th 2020
When I took the Matrix Leadership workshop I was so deeply impressed by how it builds a strong relational infrastructure in the matrix of interpersonal relationships in a group and the impacts that has, that I decided to bring this workshop to the UK for the first time. I believe that it is sorely needed to address gaps and failures in organisations struggling to transition to Teal ways of working. I’ve invited Amina Knowlan, co-creator and Trainer of the framework, to come to London to co-deliver the 4-day Matrix Essentials workshop from April 2nd to 5th, 2020. This is the first (and perhaps only) such workshop being offered in Western Europe.
Find out more and book here. If you are involved in self-organisation, I hope to see you there. I am convinced of this work’s value and am investing my personal time and energy into hosting this workshop!